In Ghana, as in other parts of the world, land is a unique resource of fixed location, unable to expand in the supply (except in cases where marginal increases have done through recovery). The need for efficient and effective management of this limited resource is of the utmost importance. Both lands Administration and management involves land registration and has been recognized that improvements to land registration systems and land establishment Information Systems (LIS) or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are important Catalysts for development in less developed countries. This position is recognized by the Global Housing Strategy for the Year 2000 (UNCHS, 1990) which recommends the establishment of an efficient register of land and a GIS as a priority area for Political action for all countries.
In this article, I am concerned about the diffusion of GIS in organizations in Ghana. My focus is on both institutional, technical and technological factors. Developments, recognizing that the transfer of innovations (diffusion) is a difficult process and complex process, it is only likely to be successful if it becomes part of the daily life of the organization (s) involved. The situation in Ghana described provides the context for carry out a pilot study of the institutional environment in which the GIS will be carried out implemented in the land sector. I inform about the fieldwork carried out in the RS/GIS Lab during my National Service with the objective of determine the factors that are considered most critical to achieve the successful adoption of S.I.G. My article is based on the argument that serious attention should be given to Institutional processes of adoption and use of GIS. For the development of the software system they are also essential.
One of the primaries the objectives have been to identify the range of factors relevant to the dissemination of GIS in the Ghana through empirical study. The ethnic origin of Isaac Bonsu Karikari, like a Ghanaian who has been involved in land administration for more than twelve years period in which he headed three of Ghana’s ten regions as Regional Lands Officer, the last of which was the regional office of the LCS in Greater Accra, was particularly necessary to obtain the support of the organization and the will of the Labour force to collaborate in the pilot project.
Written by: Emmanuel Yeboah